Forest Fire Fighters Pay: How Much Do These Brave Heroes Earn?

Forest fires can be utterly devastating, destroying homes, wildlife habitats, and human lives. On the frontlines battling these blazes are brave men and women risking their lives to protect people and nature. But how much are these heroic firefighters compensated for their dangerous work?

If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: Most forest firefighters in the U.S. are paid hourly wages ranging from around $13 to $25 per hour depending on experience and job type. Annual salaries for forest firefighters average $35,000 to $55,000.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dig into the details of forest fire fighter pay, including hourly wages, annual salaries, overtime policies, and additional compensation like hazard pay and benefits.

Hourly Wages for Forest Firefighters

Forest firefighters play a crucial role in protecting our natural resources and communities from the devastating effects of wildfires. Their dedication and bravery are commendable, but have you ever wondered how much these heroes earn?

Let’s take a closer look at the hourly wages for different types of forest firefighters.

Entry-Level and Seasonal Workers

Entry-level and seasonal forest firefighters typically earn an hourly wage that ranges from $15 to $20. These positions are often filled by individuals who are new to firefighting or who work on a temporary basis during the peak fire season.

While the pay for entry-level and seasonal workers may be lower compared to other positions, it provides a valuable opportunity for individuals to gain experience in the field.

Engine Crew Members

Engine crew members, who operate and maintain firefighting vehicles, earn an hourly wage between $20 and $30. These firefighters work as a team to suppress wildfires and often play a vital role in containing and extinguishing flames.

Their expertise in operating specialized equipment is crucial in the fight against wildfires.

Hotshot Crew Members

Hotshot crew members, also known as elite firefighters, are highly trained and skilled individuals who earn an hourly wage ranging from $25 to $40. These brave men and women are deployed to the most challenging and dangerous wildfire situations.

They undergo rigorous training to handle extreme conditions and work in close proximity to the fire frontlines.


Smokejumpers, the airborne firefighters who parachute into remote fire locations, earn an hourly wage between $30 and $40. These highly specialized firefighters are capable of reaching inaccessible areas quickly, allowing them to initiate containment efforts before ground crews can arrive.

Their unique skill set and willingness to face extreme risks make them an invaluable asset in the battle against wildfires.

Helitack Crew Members

Helitack crew members, who are deployed by helicopter to combat wildfires, earn an hourly wage ranging from $25 to $35. These firefighters are trained to provide aerial support, conduct water drops, and transport ground crews to fire locations.

Their ability to swiftly maneuver in the air is essential in containing and extinguishing wildfires.

Prescribed Fire Specialists

Prescribed fire specialists, who conduct controlled burns to reduce hazardous fuel levels, earn an hourly wage between $25 and $35. These individuals work closely with land managers, scientists, and other firefighting personnel to carefully plan and execute controlled burns.

Their expertise in fire behavior and ecosystem management is vital in maintaining healthy forest ecosystems.

It’s important to note that these hourly wage ranges may vary depending on factors such as location, experience, and the agency employing the forest firefighters. Additionally, many firefighters receive overtime pay, hazard pay, and other benefits to compensate for the demanding and dangerous nature of their work.

For more information on forest firefighting wages and related topics, you can visit websites such as and

Annual Salaries for Permanent Forest Firefighters

Forest firefighters play a crucial role in protecting our natural resources and communities from the devastating effects of wildfires. These brave heroes work tirelessly to contain and extinguish fires, often putting their lives on the line in the process.

One important aspect of their job is their annual salary, which is a key factor in attracting and retaining skilled firefighters. Let’s take a closer look at the salaries of permanent forest firefighters.

Basic Salary Ranges

The basic salary range for permanent forest firefighters can vary depending on factors such as experience, qualifications, and location. On average, entry-level firefighters can expect to earn a starting salary of around $30,000 to $40,000 per year.

However, as they gain experience and climb the ranks, their salaries can increase significantly. Experienced forest firefighters can earn anywhere from $50,000 to $80,000 per year.

It’s important to note that these figures are just a general guideline and can vary from one agency to another. Some agencies may offer additional benefits and incentives, such as hazard pay, overtime, and retirement plans, which can further enhance a firefighter’s overall compensation package.

Additionally, firefighters may also receive bonuses for specialized training or certifications.

Salaries by Region and Agency

The salaries of forest firefighters can also vary based on the region and agency they work for. For example, firefighters working in high-risk areas with a higher incidence of wildfires may receive higher salaries.

Similarly, agencies that have a larger budget allocation for firefighting operations may be able to offer higher salaries to their firefighters.

According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the states with the highest employment levels for forest firefighters include California, Oregon, Florida, Texas, and Washington. These states are known for their vast forested areas and are prone to wildfires, making them hotspots for firefighting jobs.

Firefighters in these states generally earn higher salaries compared to those in regions with lower wildfire risks.

It’s worth mentioning that the salaries of forest firefighters are subject to periodic adjustments based on various factors, such as inflation and changes in the cost of living. Therefore, it’s important for firefighters to stay updated on any changes or revisions to their salary structure.

For more information on the salaries of forest firefighters, you can visit the websites of relevant agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service ( and the National Park Service (

These websites provide detailed information on career opportunities, benefits, and salaries for firefighters working in national forests and parks.

Overtime Pay Policies

Forest fire fighters often face grueling and dangerous conditions while battling wildfires. Due to the unpredictable nature of these fires, they often work long hours to ensure they are contained and extinguished.

Overtime pay policies are in place to compensate these brave heroes for their extra time and effort.

Overtime Eligibility

Forest fire fighters are typically eligible for overtime pay when they work more than a certain number of hours in a given workweek. The specific eligibility requirements may vary depending on the country, state, or organization they work for.

In the United States, for example, overtime eligibility is generally determined by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). According to the FLSA, employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek are eligible for overtime pay at a rate of one and a half times their regular hourly rate.

It’s important to note that not all forest fire fighters may be eligible for overtime pay. Some jurisdictions exempt certain emergency responders, such as firefighters, from certain overtime provisions.

However, many forest fire fighters do receive overtime compensation for the extra hours they put in.

Overtime Rates

The overtime rates for forest fire fighters can vary depending on various factors, such as the jurisdiction, organization, and collective bargaining agreements. In general, forest fire fighters can expect to earn one and a half times their regular hourly rate for each hour worked beyond the standard workweek.

For example, if a forest fire fighter’s regular hourly rate is $20, they would earn $30 per hour for each overtime hour worked. This can significantly increase their earnings, especially during periods of heightened fire activity.

It’s worth mentioning that some organizations may offer additional incentives or bonuses for working overtime during particularly challenging fire seasons. These incentives can further enhance the earnings of forest fire fighters and recognize their invaluable contributions to wildfire suppression efforts.

For more information on overtime pay policies for forest fire fighters, it’s advisable to consult the relevant government websites or labor organizations that deal with the employment rights of emergency responders.

Websites such as the United States Department of Labor ( or the International Association of Fire Fighters ( can provide detailed information on overtime regulations and rates.

Additional Compensation and Benefits

Forest fire fighters not only put their lives on the line to protect our forests and communities, but they also receive additional compensation and benefits to acknowledge the risks they face and the invaluable service they provide.

Let’s take a closer look at some of the benefits these brave heroes receive.

Hazard Pay

One of the most significant forms of additional compensation for forest fire fighters is hazard pay. Given the dangerous nature of their work, it is only fair that they receive extra compensation for the risks they face on a daily basis.

Hazard pay can vary depending on factors such as the severity of the fire, the duration of the deployment, and the level of danger involved. Forest fire fighters may receive a percentage increase in their regular pay or a flat bonus amount for each day they are actively fighting fires.

Health Insurance

Forest fire fighters often have access to comprehensive health insurance coverage. This is crucial in ensuring that they receive the medical care they need in case of injuries or health issues related to their work.

Health insurance plans typically cover a wide range of services, including doctor visits, hospital stays, medications, and rehabilitation. Some organizations may even provide additional coverage for mental health services to address the psychological toll that fighting fires can have on these brave individuals.

Retirement Plans

Forest fire fighters are also eligible for retirement plans that help secure their financial future. These plans may include options such as a pension, 401(k), or other retirement savings accounts. Contributions to these plans are often made by both the fire fighters themselves and their employing agencies.

Some organizations may also offer additional benefits such as matching contributions or early retirement options. These retirement plans provide peace of mind to forest fire fighters, knowing that their hard work and dedication will be rewarded even after they have retired.


Fighting wildfires is grueling, high-stakes work. While pay for forest firefighters may seem modest compared to the risks involved, most feel deeply committed to protecting our forests and communities.

Additional overtime, hazard pay, and benefits add to base wages for these dedicated public servants.

Understanding how forest fire fighters are compensated provides insight into how we value those protecting our lives and environment. Supporting fair pay and benefits for forest firefighters helps attract skilled workers willing to take on this vitally important job.

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