How Much Is An Acre Of Corn Worth In 2023?

With food prices on the rise in 2023, you may be wondering exactly how much an acre of corn is worth these days. Corn is one of the most widely planted crops in the United States, with around 90 million acres grown each year. Its value fluctuates based on factors like yield, demand, and commodity prices. If you’re short on time, here’s a quick answer: The average price per acre for corn in 2023 is around $600.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll look at the key factors that determine the value of corn, including corn futures prices, yield estimates, input costs, and more. We’ll also provide a price per acre range you can expect in 2023 and tips for estimating the value of your own corn crop. With detailed examples and data, you’ll have a solid understanding of what goes into pricing an acre of corn by the time you reach the end of this article.

Corn Futures Prices

Chicago Board of Trade

When it comes to tracking the price of corn, one of the most reliable sources of information is the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). The CBOT is a futures exchange where traders can buy and sell contracts for corn, among other commodities. These contracts represent an agreement to buy or sell corn at a specific price and date in the future.

The CBOT provides real-time information on corn futures prices, allowing farmers, investors, and other market participants to stay up-to-date with the latest market trends. By analyzing the historical data and current market conditions, traders can make informed decisions about when to buy or sell corn futures.

For those interested in learning more about corn futures prices, it is recommended to visit the official website of the Chicago Board of Trade:

Seasonal Trends in Corn Prices

Corn prices can fluctuate throughout the year due to various factors, including supply and demand dynamics, weather conditions, and government policies. Understanding the seasonal trends in corn prices can be helpful for farmers and traders alike.

In general, corn prices tend to be highest during the planting and growing season, which is typically from April to July in the United States. This is when the supply of corn is relatively low, as farmers are busy planting and nurturing their crops. As a result, prices can spike during this period.

On the other hand, corn prices may dip during the harvest season, which is usually from September to November. This is when the supply of corn increases significantly as farmers bring in their crops. However, it’s important to note that unexpected weather events or other market factors can still impact prices during this time.

To get a more accurate understanding of the seasonal trends in corn prices, it is advisable to consult market reports and analysis from reputable sources such as the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or agricultural news websites.

For detailed information on corn prices and market trends, you can visit the USDA’s official website:

Corn Yields

Average Corn Yields

When determining the value of an acre of corn, it is important to consider the average corn yields. The average corn yield can vary depending on several factors, including geographic location and weather conditions. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the average corn yield in the United States in 2020 was 172.0 bushels per acre. However, it is important to note that corn yields can fluctuate from year to year due to various factors.

For more accurate and up-to-date information on average corn yields, it is advisable to refer to official sources such as the USDA or state agricultural extension offices. These organizations collect and analyze data on corn yields across different regions, providing valuable insights for farmers and stakeholders in the agricultural industry.

Factors Affecting Yields

There are several factors that can affect corn yields, ultimately influencing the value of an acre of corn. These factors include:

  • Weather conditions: Weather plays a crucial role in corn production. Factors such as temperature, rainfall, and sunlight can significantly impact yields. Extreme weather events, such as droughts or heavy storms, can lead to lower yields and affect the overall value of an acre of corn.
  • Soil quality: The quality and fertility of the soil can greatly influence corn yields. Factors such as nutrient availability, pH levels, and soil structure can affect the plant’s ability to absorb nutrients and water, ultimately impacting its growth and yield potential.
  • Pest and disease control: Corn is susceptible to various pests and diseases, such as corn borers, armyworms, and fungal infections. Proper pest and disease control measures are essential to prevent yield losses and maintain the value of an acre of corn.
  • Genetics and hybrid selection: The choice of corn variety and hybrid can also affect yields. Farmers often select hybrids that are well-suited to their specific growing conditions and have traits that contribute to higher yields.
  • Crop management practices: Effective crop management practices, including proper planting techniques, appropriate fertilization, and timely weed control, can contribute to higher corn yields. Farmers who implement sound agronomic practices are more likely to achieve optimal yields and maximize the value of their corn crop.

By considering these factors and staying informed about the latest research and agricultural practices, farmers can make informed decisions to optimize corn yields and maximize the value of their land. It is also important to consult with agricultural experts and local extension offices for tailored advice and recommendations based on specific regional conditions.

Input Costs

When determining the overall value of an acre of corn in 2023, it is important to consider the various input costs involved in its production. These costs can significantly impact the profitability of corn farming and ultimately determine its worth.


Seed is one of the most crucial inputs in corn production. Farmers have to carefully select the right hybrid that suits their specific soil and climate conditions. The cost of purchasing high-quality corn seeds can vary depending on the variety and traits desired. It is vital for farmers to weigh the potential benefits of genetically modified seeds against their cost, as they offer increased resistance to pests and diseases.


Fertilizers play a vital role in enhancing the productivity and quality of corn crops. They provide essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, which are crucial for the growth and development of corn plants. The cost of fertilizers can fluctuate based on market conditions and the type of fertilizer used. Farmers need to carefully calculate the appropriate amount and type of fertilizer to apply to their fields to maximize yield and minimize expenses.


Pesticides are essential for protecting corn crops from pests, diseases, and weeds. The cost of pesticides can vary based on the specific pest pressures faced by farmers and the type of control methods employed. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies that combine biological, cultural, and chemical controls can help minimize pesticide use and expenses while maintaining crop health and quality.

Fuel & Equipment

Another significant input cost for corn production is fuel and equipment. Farmers require fuel to power machinery such as tractors, combines, and irrigation systems. The cost of fuel can be influenced by factors such as oil prices and distance traveled during field operations. Additionally, maintaining and upgrading farming equipment can also contribute to the overall input costs. Regular maintenance and efficient use of equipment are crucial for minimizing expenses in this area.

2023 Corn Prices Per Acre

As we look ahead to 2023, many farmers and investors are curious about the potential value of an acre of corn. The price of corn can fluctuate greatly depending on various factors such as supply and demand, weather conditions, government policies, and global market trends. While it is difficult to predict the exact value of an acre of corn in 2023, we can analyze current trends and make some educated estimates.

Factors Affecting Corn Prices

Several key factors play a significant role in determining corn prices. These factors include:

  • Supply and Demand: Corn prices are heavily influenced by the balance between supply and demand. If there is a surplus of corn, prices tend to decrease, while a shortage can drive prices up.
  • Weather Conditions: Adverse weather conditions such as droughts or floods can impact corn production and subsequently affect prices.
  • Government Policies: Government policies and regulations, such as subsidies or tariffs, can have a significant impact on the corn market.
  • Global Market Trends: Corn is a globally traded commodity, and international factors such as trade agreements or geopolitical events can influence prices.

Current Corn Price Trends

As of the current year, corn prices have been steadily increasing due to a combination of factors. Increased demand for corn-based ethanol, livestock feed, and exports has contributed to higher prices. Additionally, weather-related challenges in some major corn-producing regions have affected the supply, further driving up prices.

According to recent reports, the average price of corn per bushel is around $5.50. However, it’s important to note that this price can vary significantly based on location and market conditions.

Estimating 2023 Corn Prices

While it is impossible to accurately predict the exact value of an acre of corn in 2023, experts use historical data and market trends to make educated estimates. Analysts and agricultural economists closely monitor factors such as planting intentions, weather forecasts, and global demand projections to forecast future prices.

For farmers and investors planning for the future, it is advisable to keep an eye on reputable agricultural websites and publications that provide insights and analysis on corn prices. These sources can provide valuable information to make informed decisions regarding corn production and investment strategies.

It’s important to remember that corn prices can be influenced by various unpredictable factors, and market volatility is always a possibility. Therefore, it is wise to approach any price estimates with caution and consider multiple factors before making any significant decisions.

For more information on corn prices and market trends, you can visit reputable sources such as the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) or the Grainnet website.

Estimating Your Corn Value

Test Weight

When estimating the value of an acre of corn, one important factor to consider is the test weight. The test weight of corn refers to the weight of a bushel of corn. Higher test weights generally indicate better quality corn and therefore a higher value. The industry standard for corn test weight is 56 pounds per bushel, but this can vary depending on the specific market and region. It’s important to check the test weight of your corn crop to get an accurate estimate of its value.

Moisture Content

Another crucial factor that affects the value of an acre of corn is the moisture content. Corn with higher moisture content requires additional drying, which can incur additional costs. Conversely, corn with lower moisture content may have a higher value due to reduced drying and storage expenses. The ideal moisture content for corn is typically around 15%, but again, this can vary depending on the market. It’s essential to determine the moisture content of your corn crop to estimate its worth accurately.

Local Cash Prices

The final factor in estimating the value of an acre of corn is the local cash prices. Local cash prices are determined by supply and demand factors in your specific area. These prices can vary from region to region, so it’s crucial to check with local grain elevators or agricultural organizations to get the most accurate information on current cash prices for corn. Additionally, keeping an eye on market trends and fluctuations can help you make informed decisions about when to sell your corn for the best possible price.

When considering the value of an acre of corn, it’s important to take into account these three factors: test weight, moisture content, and local cash prices. By understanding and evaluating these factors, you can make more informed decisions about your corn crop and maximize its value.

Other Factors Affecting Value

Crop Insurance

When determining the value of an acre of corn in 2023, it’s important to consider the role of crop insurance. Crop insurance provides protection to farmers in case of crop failure or significant yield loss due to natural disasters or other unforeseen circumstances. This insurance coverage can help mitigate financial risks associated with farming and can impact the overall value of corn. Farmers who have crop insurance may be able to secure better prices for their corn, as they have a safety net in place.

Government Programs

Government programs can also play a significant role in determining the value of an acre of corn. These programs can include subsidies, grants, and other forms of financial assistance provided to farmers. For example, the government may offer incentives for farmers to grow certain crops, such as corn, to meet specific market demands or address agricultural challenges. These programs can help increase the profitability of corn production and subsequently affect its value.


The storage capacity and infrastructure available to farmers can impact the value of an acre of corn. Adequate storage facilities are essential to preserve and maintain the quality of harvested corn. If there is a shortage of storage space, farmers may be forced to sell their corn at lower prices, leading to a decrease in the overall value of corn. On the other hand, farmers who have access to proper storage facilities can store their corn for longer periods, allowing them to sell it when prices are more favorable.

It’s important to note that these factors can vary from year to year and can be influenced by market conditions, government policies, and other external factors. Staying updated on the latest developments in crop insurance, government programs, and storage options can help farmers make informed decisions that maximize the value of their corn.


Calculating the value of a corn crop is a complex endeavor, as it depends on numerous factors including market prices, yields, and costs. While prices fluctuate, you can expect corn to be worth around $600 per acre on average in 2023.

By understanding commodities markets, analyzing yields, and accounting for expenses, you can arrive at a reasonable estimate of your corn’s value. Be sure to consistently track your inputs and yields, and stay up to date on market outlooks. With some savvy management and informed selling, you can maximize profits from your corn acres.

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