Is Living In Japan Worth It? The Pros And Cons Of Life In Japan

Japan is one of the most fascinating countries in the world, with a rich culture, advanced technology, delicious food, and unparalleled natural beauty. Many people dream of living in Japan, but is it really worth it? Here’s a quick answer: living in Japan can be an amazing experience if you embrace the culture and are prepared for the challenges. Keep reading to learn the pros and cons of life in Japan.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore what it’s like to live in Japan – from the high cost of living and cramped housing to the convenient transportation, welcoming people, and boundless opportunities. With insights into jobs, visas, language, culture, and more, you’ll have all the information you need to decide if moving to Japan is right for you.

The Pros of Living in Japan

Safe, Clean, and Organized

One of the major advantages of living in Japan is the high level of safety, cleanliness, and organization. Japan consistently ranks as one of the safest countries in the world, with low crime rates and a strong emphasis on public safety. The streets are clean, and the cities are well-maintained, making it a pleasant place to live.

Efficient Public Transportation

Japan is known for its efficient and extensive public transportation system. Whether it’s the famous bullet trains, reliable subway networks, or well-connected bus lines, getting around in Japan is a breeze. The punctuality and convenience of the public transportation system make commuting hassle-free and allow residents to explore different parts of the country easily.

Delicious, Fresh Food

Japanese cuisine is renowned worldwide for its exquisite flavors and fresh ingredients. From sushi and ramen to tempura and yakitori, there is a wide variety of delicious dishes to satisfy every palate. The emphasis on quality and presentation in Japanese cuisine makes dining out a delightful experience.

Cutting-Edge Technology

Japan is at the forefront of technological advancements and innovation. From robotic technology to advancements in transportation and infrastructure, living in Japan means being exposed to the latest and most cutting-edge technologies. This technological progress not only enhances daily life but also provides numerous opportunities for personal and professional growth.

Plenty of Job Opportunities

Japan offers a wide range of job opportunities, both for locals and foreigners. With a strong economy and a diverse range of industries, including automotive, electronics, and finance, there are ample chances to find fulfilling and well-paying jobs. Additionally, Japan has a reputation for valuing hard work and dedication, which can lead to career growth and advancement.

Rich, Vibrant Culture

Japanese culture is rich and vibrant, filled with traditions, customs, and festivals that are celebrated throughout the year. From the graceful art of tea ceremonies to the colorful and lively Matsuri festivals, there is always something exciting happening in Japan. Living in Japan provides an opportunity to immerse oneself in this unique and captivating culture.

Stunning Scenery and Nature

Japan is blessed with breathtaking natural landscapes, from beautiful cherry blossom gardens to majestic mountains and serene coastal areas. The country offers a diverse range of outdoor activities such as hiking, skiing, and exploring hot springs. The stunning scenery and abundant opportunities for outdoor adventures make Japan an ideal place for nature lovers.

The Cons of Living in Japan

High Cost of Living

One of the major drawbacks of living in Japan is the high cost of living. Japan consistently ranks as one of the most expensive countries in the world. Everything from housing to groceries and transportation can be significantly more expensive compared to other countries. Rent in cities like Tokyo can be exorbitant, and daily expenses can quickly add up. It is important to budget carefully and be prepared for the financial challenges that come with living in Japan.

Competitive Job Market

Japan’s job market is known for its competitiveness. Finding employment, especially for foreigners, can be challenging. The job market is highly competitive, and many positions require fluency in the Japanese language. Additionally, the long-standing cultural preference for hiring candidates who have graduated from prestigious universities can make it difficult for those without a strong educational background. It is important to do thorough research and be prepared for the competitive nature of the job market in Japan.

Long Work Hours

Japan is notorious for its long work hours and a culture of overwork. Many employees in Japan work well beyond the standard 40-hour workweek. This can lead to high levels of stress, burnout, and a poor work-life balance. The intense work culture in Japan, known as “karoshi,” has been linked to various health issues. It is important to be aware of these working conditions and find ways to prioritize self-care and work-life balance.

Language Barrier

For foreigners living in Japan, the language barrier can be a significant challenge. While English is taught in schools, proficiency levels can vary among the general population. Many daily tasks, such as shopping or making appointments, may require basic knowledge of the Japanese language. This can make it difficult to navigate daily life and communicate effectively with locals. Learning the Japanese language or having access to translation services can greatly enhance the living experience in Japan.

Cramped Housing

In major cities like Tokyo, housing in Japan can be notoriously cramped and expensive. Apartments are often small and lack ample storage space. Rent can be high, and it may be challenging to find affordable housing options, especially in desirable neighborhoods. It is important to be prepared for the potential sacrifices in terms of living space and to carefully consider housing options before moving to Japan.

Conformist Culture

Japanese society places a strong emphasis on conformity and group harmony. This can sometimes make it difficult for foreigners to fully integrate into the culture and feel accepted. The pressure to conform to societal norms and expectations can be overwhelming for some individuals. It is important to be aware of these cultural dynamics and find ways to navigate and appreciate the unique aspects of Japanese society.

Natural Disasters

Japan is prone to natural disasters such as earthquakes, typhoons, and tsunamis. While the country has a well-developed infrastructure and disaster preparedness measures in place, living in an area prone to these disasters can be stressful. It is important to be prepared and stay informed about emergency procedures and evacuation plans. Websites like the Japan National Tourism Organization provide useful information and updates on disaster preparedness in Japan.

Jobs in Japan

When considering living in Japan, one of the most important factors to consider is the job market. Japan offers a wide range of opportunities for both locals and foreigners. Here are some of the popular job sectors in Japan:

Teaching English

Teaching English is one of the most common job options for foreigners in Japan. With a high demand for English language education, there are plenty of opportunities to work as an English teacher in schools, language institutes, or even as a private tutor. Many foreigners find this job rewarding as they get to immerse themselves in the Japanese culture while helping students learn a valuable skill.

Information Technology

Japan is known for its advanced technology and innovation, making it an ideal place for IT professionals. The IT industry in Japan offers a wide range of opportunities, from software development to system administration. With a strong emphasis on technological advancements, professionals in this field can expect competitive salaries and a dynamic work environment.


Engineering is another field that offers promising career prospects in Japan. From automotive engineering to robotics, Japan is at the forefront of technological advancements. Whether you specialize in mechanical, electrical, or civil engineering, there are numerous job opportunities with Japanese companies. Working in Japan as an engineer can not only enhance your skills but also expose you to cutting-edge technologies.


With Japan’s international presence, there is a growing demand for translators and interpreters. Whether it’s translating documents, interpreting for business meetings, or working in the tourism industry, proficiency in multiple languages can open doors to exciting career opportunities. Translators and interpreters play a vital role in bridging language and cultural gaps between Japan and the rest of the world.


Japan’s tourism industry has been booming in recent years, leading to an increased demand for hospitality professionals. Working in hotels, restaurants, or as tour guides allows individuals to interact with people from different cultures and provide them with an unforgettable experience. The hospitality industry in Japan is known for its exceptional service and attention to detail, making it a rewarding field to work in.


Japan is home to many global financial institutions, making it an attractive destination for finance professionals. Whether it’s investment banking, asset management, or accounting, there are ample opportunities to work in the finance sector. With Japan’s strong economy and global influence, finance professionals can find challenging and rewarding positions in this field.

It is important to note that while these job sectors offer great opportunities, each comes with its own set of challenges. It is advisable to research and understand the specific requirements, qualifications, and cultural expectations associated with each job sector in Japan.

For more information on jobs in Japan, you can visit the official website of the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) at JETRO provides valuable insights and resources for individuals interested in working or doing business in Japan.

Visas for Living in Japan

When considering a move to Japan, understanding the different types of visas available is essential. Japan offers various visa options for foreigners who wish to live and work in the country. Here are some of the most common types:

Work Visa

The work visa is designed for individuals who have a job offer from a Japanese company. It allows foreigners to work and live in Japan for a specified period. To obtain a work visa, the employer must sponsor the applicant and provide necessary documents such as a certificate of eligibility.

Spouse Visa

For those who are married to a Japanese citizen or a permanent resident of Japan, the spouse visa is an option. This visa allows the foreign spouse to live and work in Japan without restrictions. It is important to note that the marriage must be legally recognized in Japan.

Student Visa

Japan is known for its excellent education system, and many foreign students come to study in the country. The student visa allows individuals to pursue academic programs at Japanese educational institutions. To obtain this visa, applicants must provide proof of enrollment and sufficient financial resources to support themselves during their studies.

Investor Visa

Japan encourages foreign investment and offers an investor visa for individuals who plan to invest in businesses in the country. To qualify for this visa, applicants must meet certain financial requirements and submit a detailed business plan.

Cultural Activities Visa

For those interested in engaging in cultural activities in Japan, such as traditional arts, martial arts, or language studies, the cultural activities visa is available. This visa allows individuals to participate in cultural programs and events while living in Japan.

It is important to note that each visa type has its own set of requirements and limitations. It is advisable to consult with the Japanese embassy or a reputable immigration lawyer to ensure a smooth application process and to understand the specific visa requirements.

Fitting into Japanese Culture and Society

When considering a move to Japan, one of the most important aspects to consider is how well you will fit into the Japanese culture and society. Japan has a rich and unique culture that is deeply rooted in traditions and customs. Here are some key factors to consider:

Learning the Language

One of the first challenges you may encounter when living in Japan is the language barrier. Japanese is a complex language with three writing systems – hiragana, katakana, and kanji. While many Japanese people do speak some English, especially in major cities and tourist areas, having a basic understanding of Japanese will greatly enhance your experience and help you to better navigate daily life. Taking language classes or using language learning apps can be a great way to bridge this gap.

Bowing and Other Customs

Japanese customs and etiquette play a significant role in everyday interactions. Bowing is a common greeting in Japan, and the depth and duration of the bow can convey different meanings. Understanding the appropriate bowing etiquette is important to show respect and avoid causing offense. Additionally, other customs such as removing shoes before entering a home or certain establishments, using chopsticks correctly, and adhering to proper table manners are all part of fitting into Japanese society.

Group Harmony Over Individualism

Japanese society places a strong emphasis on group harmony, known as “wa”. This collective mindset prioritizes the needs of the group over individual interests. It is important to be aware of this cultural value and to act in a way that promotes harmony and avoids disrupting the group dynamic. This can be seen in various aspects of daily life, from public transportation to workplace interactions.

Workplace Hierarchy

In Japanese workplaces, there is a strict hierarchical structure where seniority and respect for authority are highly valued. This can be quite different from western workplaces that emphasize individualism and meritocracy. Understanding and adapting to this hierarchical structure is crucial for success in the Japanese work environment. It is important to show respect to superiors and follow proper protocols.

Saving Face

“Saving face” is an important concept in Japanese culture. It refers to avoiding embarrassment or causing others to lose face in public. Japanese people tend to value harmony and avoid confrontation or open criticism. Understanding this cultural norm can help you navigate social situations and maintain positive relationships. It is important to communicate indirectly and politely, using non-verbal cues to express disagreement or dissatisfaction.

Housing Considerations

When considering a move to Japan, one of the most important factors to consider is housing. Here are some key considerations to keep in mind when it comes to finding a place to live:

Tiny Apartments

In Japan, it’s no secret that living spaces can be quite small. Apartments in major cities like Tokyo can be as small as 20 square meters (215 square feet) or even smaller. While this may seem daunting at first, it’s important to remember that Japanese apartments are designed with space-saving in mind. Clever storage solutions and efficient layouts can help maximize the available space. Plus, living in a smaller space can encourage you to declutter and live a minimalist lifestyle, which can be quite liberating.

Key Money and Deposits

One aspect of renting a place in Japan that may come as a surprise to foreigners is the concept of “key money” and deposits. Key money, also known as “reikin,” is a non-refundable gift or gratuity paid to the landlord or the real estate agency. It can amount to one to three months’ rent and is typically paid upfront. In addition to key money, tenants are also required to pay a security deposit, usually equal to one to two months’ rent, which is refundable at the end of the lease term, provided there is no damage to the property. While these additional costs can be a financial burden, they are a common practice in Japan.

Furnished vs Unfurnished

When searching for a place to live in Japan, you will have the option to choose between furnished and unfurnished apartments. Furnished apartments come with basic furniture and appliances, making them convenient for those who are not planning to stay long-term or do not want the hassle of buying and moving furniture. On the other hand, unfurnished apartments are typically cheaper and allow you to personalize your space according to your own taste. It’s important to consider your needs and preferences when deciding which option is best for you.

Commuting Distance

Another important factor to consider when looking for housing in Japan is the commuting distance. In major cities, such as Tokyo, the cost of living in central areas can be quite high. However, living closer to your workplace or school can save you time and money on commuting. It’s important to strike a balance between proximity to your daily destinations and your budget. Additionally, Japan has an extensive and efficient public transportation system, so even if you live a bit further away, commuting is usually not a major issue.

Short-Term Rentals

If you’re not ready to commit to a long-term lease or are planning to stay in Japan for a shorter period of time, short-term rentals can be a great option. Websites like Airbnb offer a wide range of short-term rental options, from traditional Japanese-style accommodations to modern apartments. These rentals provide flexibility and the opportunity to experience different neighborhoods before deciding on a more permanent housing arrangement.

When it comes to housing in Japan, there are pros and cons to consider. It’s important to do thorough research, visit potential apartments, and consider your budget and lifestyle before making a decision. By taking these factors into account, you can find a place to live in Japan that suits your needs and enhances your overall experience in this fascinating country.


While living in Japan certainly has its challenges, most expats agree the experience is well worth it. With an open mind, sense of adventure, and willingness to learn, you can thrive in Japan’s one-of-a-kind culture. Just prepare yourself for the transition and appreciate all that Japan has to offer.

If the pros outweigh the cons for you, don’t hesitate to make the move to Japan. With the right attitude and preparations, embracing life in this fascinating country can lead to immense personal and professional rewards.

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